Orangutans are large, red-orange coloured primates that are very well known for their intelligence. There are three species and they only live in the rainforests of Indonesia and Malaysia. There is the Bornean orangutan, the Sumatran orangutan and the Tapanuli orangutan. Orangutans are large apes, with big bodies and very long arms. Large males can have an “arm-span” of up to 6.6 ft. across. Males grow much larger than the females up to 4’6″ tall, while the females are up to about 3’9″ tall. Coarse reddish hair covers all of their body, but not their faces, palms, and feet. Their favourite food varies from season to season, based on food availability. Fruit makes up a huge portion of their diet, anywhere from 65 – 90 % or more. They prefer to eat fruits that are high in sugar or fat. The number of fruiting trees is what restricts an orangutan to a few small habitats. When they aren’t eating a wide variety of fruit they enjoy eating eggs, tree bark, honey, leaves, and sometimes small mammals. Orangutans can only be found in the rain forests of the Southeast Asian islands of Borneo and Sumatra.
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